A Cornell study found that unattractive defendants are 22% more likely to be convicted than attractive defendants.
On August 4th 1892 Andrew and Abby Borden were stabbed to death with a hatchet in their Fall River Massachusetts home. Almost immediately the police focused on Andrew's younger daughter, 33 year old Lizzie. Her dubious alibi of being outside in a stifling hot barn was almost as suspicious as the burning of her dress shortly after the murders.
While conducting research for Deliberations Season One (featuring an alleged murder associated with BDSM) two cases appeared in my google news search I was surprised and dismayed to discover. The first was the Dublin homicide of a woman named Elaine O’Hara. She was a suicidal childcare assistant with a history of mental illness, including depression and borderline personality disorder. Her murderer was a man named Graham Dwyer, a married architect with children. Graham nursed a fantasy of stabbing a woman to death during sex since his adolescence, and he preyed upon the vulnerability and psychiatric fragility of Elaine O’Hara to meet that end in August of 2012.
The 12 member jury is generally considered a “historical accident.” When the US was formed, deference was given to many examples of English common law (law derived from custom rather than statute), and the twelve member jury was one of them. In other words, we’re doing it because the guys before us were doing it, who were doing it because the guys before them were doing it, so no one knows why the number 12 became a thing in the first place.